Scrum introduction, what is Scrum?

Scrum is a subset of Agile. It is a lightweight process framework for agile development, and the most widely-used one.

A ‘process framework’ is a particular set of practices that must be followed in order for a process to be consistent with the framework. (For example, the Scrum process framework requires the use of development cycles called Sprints, the XP framework requires pair programming, and so forth.)

‘Lightweight’ means that the overhead of the process is kept as small as possible, to maximize the amount of productive time available for getting useful work done.


Scrum Ingredients

  • Artifacts: things (kanban board, product backlog)
  • Roles: what people do
  • Events: types of meetings


  1. Transparency:
    1. Of work in progress;
    2. On product backlog (work to do)
    3. Meetings: Only 5 easy meetings
    4. Simplicity: 3 types of roles in the team
  2. Fixed timelines: iterations, sprints.
  3. Strong product vision (evolution);
  4. Flexible scope in the iterations

Are you ready to see the overview of Scrum?

Team characteristics

  • Ideal team size: 7 (+/- 2): link to research on team size
  • Collocation: team in same room
  • Dedicated team members: work mostly/only with this team
  • Cross-functional: team members have different backgrounds and should be able to do each other’s work

Scrum Artifacts / Artefacts

  • Product Backlog
  • Sprint Backlog
  • Burn-down chart
  • User Stories

And (possibly):

  • Release burn-up

Scrum: Artifacts: Product Backlog

  • List of User Stories.
  • The requirements for the product are listed in the Product Backlog.
  • It is an always changing, dynamically prioritized list of requirements ordered by Business Value.
  • Requirements are broken down into
    User Stories by the Product Owner.
A product backlog in a software tool
Physical board